Some of the more plausible theories for the decline of the Harappan civilization are: that it was destroyed by massive floods that the decline took place because of the shift in the course of rivers and the gradual drying up of the Ghgggar-Hakra river system that … These changes had led to floods in the plains and cities. The Aryans were to become the new race of Indians, spreading throughout the entire Indian subcontinent. According to Staurt and Piggot, Aryans might have invaded the Indus territory and led to the destruction of the civilization. The Decline of Harappan Civilization K.N.DIKSHIT EBSTRACT As pointed out by N. G. Majumdar in 1934, a late phase of lndus civilization is illustrated by pottery discovered at the upper levels of Jhukar and Mohenjo-daro.However, it was the excavation at Rangpur which revealed in stratification a general decline in the prosperity of the Harappan culture. Many of the distinctive features of the Harappan Civilization like writing, standardised seals and weights, some standardised aspects of town planning and other traits of material culture also disappeared. The first & foremost reason for the decline and collapse of the Indus Valley/Harappan Civilization is Climatic Changes. Decline of trade led to decline of Harappan Civilisation as well. The entire history of the Harappan Culture can be sub-divided into three phases– the Early Harappan Phase(3300 BC – 2600 BC), the Mature Harappan Phase (2600BC – 1900 BC) and the Late Harappan Phase(1900 BC – 1300BC). Reason 3 : Raike’s Hypothesis – Floods . Proposed theories regarding the decline of the Harappan Civilization. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Large scale excavation were carried out at Mohenjo-daro under the supervision of Marshall in 1931. Aryan invasion theory | Sudden decline The supporters of this theory put forward the view that the warring tribe like Aryans came and invaded Harappan cities and people who were peaceful in nature. Cunningham thought that the seal cannot be Indian. Many theories have been formulated and provided, but all the theories met with one or another form of criticism. Call Us-+91-9457657942, +91-9917344428. The history shows that they have been attacked by some white-skinned people who priorly were considered Aryans. It is called Harappan because the remnants of the civilization was discovered first at the modern site of Harappa located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The decline of Harappan culture is difficult to explain. Mohenjodaro and Dholavira give a picture of gradual… The Harappan Civilization thrived between 2600 – 1900 BC in the region that is now in Pakistan and India. The Fall of Harappan Civilization . ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. destruction of the Indus civilization on the basis of certain conditions observed by him at Budh-jo-Takkar, a place 24 miles south of Hydera-bad (Sindh). A new study from the WHOI found evidence that climate change likely drove the Harappans to resettle far away from the floodplains of the Indus. The decline of Harappan culture is difficult to explain. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. Decline of Harappan Civilization: In t h is article, we are going to discuss the last aspect of Harappan … There was a good agricultural system that allowed the cultivation of wheat, rye, and vegetables. I am now satisfied as when I checked in previous sites I didn’t get sufficient information and I got it here!!!!!!!!!!!!! Due to some reason, population from the Harappa started moving to the nearby and outer cities and places like Punjab, Upper Doab, Haryana, etc. Decline set in around 1900 BC and after 1700 BC, little remained in Harappan civilization. The decline of Harappan culture is difficult to explain. Great help. Before discussing about the Decline of Harappan Civilization , let us have a quick discussion about the discovery of Harappan Civilization. How to Study Ancient History for UPSC Civil Services Examination. Due to loss of aristocracy the Harappan culture collapsed. Due to emergence of Elam as a powerful state in 2000 BC , trade and commerce with Mesopotamia along the long distance sea and land route was put on halt. Thank you a lot . Some of the most important sites include that of Mohenjo- Daro, Lothal, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi, etc. The Harappan culture blossomed as the first urban civilization of ancient India. Afterwards, the culture began to decline. Most of the cities in the Harappan Civilization have been found in a condition as if these had been first abandoned and then rebuilt. The great Indus Valley Civilization, located in modern-day India and Pakistan, began to decline around 1800 BCE. The post-Harappan civilization is considered to be genetically connected with the Harappan civilization. But what leads to the decline of the Harappan Civilization is still a mystery. Though the reason of the decline is not known, but through excavations it is clear that fall of the Harappan Civilization occurred between 1800 BC to 1700 BC. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization, Your email address will not be published. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. The civilization eventually disappeared along with its two great cities, Mohenjo-daro and Harappa. 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