OSHA recently published a final rule on Walking-Working Surfaces and Fall Protection that updated safety regulations for ladder use. OSHA Compliant Fixed Ladders. Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats are parallel, level, and uniformly spaced when the ladder is in position for use; Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats are spaced not less than 10 inches (25 cm) and not more than 14 inches (36 cm) apart, as measured between the centerlines of the rungs, cleats, and steps, except that: Ladder rungs and steps in elevator shafts must be spaced not less than 6 inches (15 cm) apart and not more than 16.5 inches (42 cm) apart, as measured along the ladder side rails; and. 200 Constitution Ave NW structure, building or piece of equipment. Be firmly attached and without sharp edges. Per OSHA 1910.23(b)(4) Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats have a minimum clear width of 16 inches (measured before installation of ladder safety systems) for fixed ladders. Our goal is to ensure that any work subjected to working on roofs has maximum safety with minimum fuss. It’s estimated that the new OSHA fixed ladder requirements will affect approximately 112 million employees at an estimated 6.9 million workplaces. Figure D-2 -- Slide-Step Fixed Ladder Sections. Note: Following OSHA Standard strictly could leave you and your company with a liability should an accident occur. In the past, OSHA has required cages for fixed ladders taller than 20 feet, but as of January 2017, fall protection is required on fixed ladders taller than (or that extend beyond) 24 feet. Ladders installed after October 3, 1983 shall have a width between side rails of at least 12 nearest permanent object behind the rung shall be 4 inches (10.16 cm), Per OSHA 1910.23(b)(4) Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats have a minimum clear width of 16 inches (measured before installation of ladder safety systems) for fixed ladders. distance shall be 7 inches (17.78 cm) unless physical limitations make COMPLETE NOW. Fixed Ladders having a Pitch greater than 90 degrees are not allowed. KATTCLIMB® Fixed Ladder Systems Fixed ladders are an integral addition to any building to help provide safe, designated access to elevated areas such as … required if hinged platforms capable of supporting 100 pounds per square foot (4.79 kPa), and which are kept closed except when opened for passage, Washington, DC 20210 Whose responsibility is it to keep ladders in good condition? It is common to see people just scurry up and down fixed ladders each day without giving it much thought. This inspection is reviewing fixed ladders using OSHA standards to ensure correct use. Stepstools have a minimum clear width of 10.5 inches (26.7 cm); Wooden ladders are not coated with any material that may obscure structural defects; Metal ladders are made with corrosion-resistant material or protected against corrosion; Ladder surfaces are free of puncture and laceration hazards; Ladders are used only for the purposes for which they were designed; Ladders are inspected before initial use in each work shift, and more frequently as necessary, to identify any visible defects that could cause employee injury; Each employee faces the ladder when climbing up or down it; Each employee uses at least one hand to grasp the ladder when climbing up and down it; and. Fixed ladders more than 20 feet must have a safety cage surrounding the ladder. Understanding the New OSHA ladder regulations What About Landing Platforms? The side rails of through or sidestep ladders extend at least 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the access level or landing platform served by the ladder. with the following provisions: The ladder shall consist of multiple sections not exceeding 30 feet (9.14 m) each; Each section shall be horizontally offset from adjacent sections, except as specified in Individual rung ladders. except that a maximum of 20 feet (6.1 m) is permitted where the cage or paragraph (e)(2)(iv) of this section, and. Defects in fixed ladders should be repaired as soon as possible. OSHA Fixed Ladder Criteria, CFR 29 The minimum design live load of a ladder shall be a single concentrated load of 200 pounds. Choose from caged ladders with and without walk thru and with left or right entry. OSHA FIXED LADDER FALL PROTECTION. Removable gates or non-rigid members, such as chains, may be used on mobile ladder stand platforms instead of handrails and guardrails in special-use applications. available for inspection; Be repaired only with replacement parts having performance capability at least equal to that of Scope and applicability. Understanding these new ladder regulations can be confusing, and at times overwhelming. 1917.118 (e) (2) When a well or cage is used, ladders with length of climb exceeding 30 feet (9.14 m) shall comply with the following provisions: 1917.118 (e) (2) (i) (Fixed ladders, for OSHA purposes, are those that are permanently attached to a structure, building, or equipment.) inches to 16 inches (30.5 to 40.6 cm) apart, with a minimum width of 10 1917.118 (e) (2) When a well or cage is used, ladders with length of climb exceeding 30 feet (9.14 m) shall comply with the following provisions: 1917.118 (e) (2) (i) No mobile ladder stand or platform moves when an employee is on it. Why OSHA Ladder Safety Violations Happen. All ladder stand platforms with a platform height above 10 feet (3 m) have guardrails and toeboards on the exposed sides and ends of the platform. Here we will address a couple of key tips for using a fixed ladder safely. For greater heights, outriggers, counterweights, or comparable means that stabilize the mobile ladder stands and platforms and prevent overturning must be used; Mobile ladder stands and platforms that have wheels or casters are equipped with a system to impede horizontal movement when an employee is on the stand or platform; and. A cage also is called a ‘‘cage guard’’ or ‘‘basket guard.’’ (OSHA) carrier: The track of a ladder safety system that consists of a flexible cable or rigid rail attached to the fixed ladder or immediately adjacent to it (OSHA) Fixed ladders are among the many aspects of fall protection that are impacted by the recently published OSHA 1910 regulations. 200 Constitution Ave NW The top of the parapet, if the parapet is continuous; A minimum perpendicular distance of 30 inches (76 cm) from the centerline of the steps or rungs to the nearest object on the climbing side. OSHA updated their fixed ladder rules, Occupational Health and Safety Standards, Subpart D, Standard 1910.28. Effective January 17th, 2017. Fixed ladders provide stability when ascending to an elevated work surface because they are fastened to the building or a secure surface. When a ladder safety system is provided, the maximum clearance between side rails of the extension must not exceed 36 inches (91 cm); For side-step ladders, the side rails, rungs, and steps must be continuous in the extension (see Figure D-2 of this section); Grab bars extend 42 inches (1.1 m) above the access level or landing platforms served by the ladder; The minimum size (cross-section) of grab bars is the same size as the rungs of the ladder. This means that the ladder must be designed so that at any point where a person might be standing, it will successfully support that weight. Fixed ladder safety; Fixed ladders must be secured to the object they are attached to. The new regulations change this requirement dramatically. well would extend into traffic lanes. or wastage or other defect which may affect safe use shall be removed from service. Hint – it’s not up … Extend to within 8 feet (2.44 m) above the ground or base, Rungs and steps of portable metal ladders are corrugated, knurled, dimpled, coated with skid-resistant material, or otherwise treated to minimize the possibility of slipping; Each stepladder or combination ladder used in a stepladder mode is equipped with a metal spreader or locking device that securely holds the front and back sections in an open position while the ladder is in use; Ladders are not loaded beyond the maximum intended load; Ladders are used only on stable and level surfaces unless they are secured or stabilized to prevent accidental displacement; No portable single rail ladders are used; No ladder is moved, shifted, or extended while an employee is on it; Ladders placed in locations such as passageways, doorways, or driveways where they can be displaced by other activities or traffic: Are secured to prevent accidental displacement; or. 800-321-6742 (OSHA) the wall; Be so constructed that an employee's foot cannot slide off the ends; and. 1. 1917.118(b)(3) "Ladder safety device" means a support system limiting an employee's drop or fall from the ladder, and which may incorporate friction brakes, lifelines and lanyards, or sliding attachments. Fixed ladders are among the many aspects of fall protection that are impacted by the recently published OSHA 1910 regulations. [39 FR 23502, June 27, 1974, as amended at 43 FR 49744, Oct. 24, 1978; 49 FR 5321, Feb. 10, 1984; 81 FR 82983-82986, Nov. 18, 2016; 84 FR 68795, Dec. 17, 2019], Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Used in emergency operations such as firefighting, rescue, and tactical law enforcement operations, or training for these operations; or. Figure D-3 -- Example of Counterbalanced Hatch Cover at Roof. withstanding 250 pounds (1,112 N) applied as described in paragraph transportation carrier equipment; Climbing devices such as step bolts or structural members of tanks and towers; Ladders built into or vertically attached to tubular scaffold framing; and. Be of rigid construction that allows unobstructed use but prevents an employee from falling installed for guidance through the opening. Ladders used only for fire-fighting or emergency purposes. 1917.112(c) shall be provided at least every 30 feet (9.14 m), OSHA Fixed Ladders Inspection. It is also important to pay attention to distinctions between portable extension ladders where the distance between siderails is no less than 11” and step ladders where the distance must be at least 16” The minimum design live load of a ladder shall be a single concentrated load of 200 pounds. The new regulations change this requirement dramatically. What’s Changed for Fixed Ladder Standards Under OSHA 1910. Fixed Ladders. As seen in the picture below (featuring new ladder system), we recommend a wider climbing surface to accommodate a ladder lifeline system, and to make the ladder easier to climb: When a well or cage is used, ladders with length of climb exceeding 30 feet (9.14 m) shall comply Fixed ladders more than 20 feet (6.1 m) in height shall be provided with a cage, well, or ladder safety device. A fixed ladder is a vertical ladder mounted permanently to a structure.These ladders are primarily used to access roofs or other structures for industrial purposes. Understanding the new OSHA regulations for fixed ladders As of November 19th, 2018, OSHA implemented new requirements for fixed ladders on buildings. inches (30.48 cm). manhole sections or river cells shall: Be capable of supporting a load of 350 pounds (1557 N) without deformation; Form a continuous ladder, uniformly spaced vertically from 12 (22.9 to 41.9 cm) apart, center to center. Falls from ladders are a leading cause of fatal injuries in general industry and construction. If you already have a cage attached to a fixed ladder, OSHA will accept its use for the next 19 years. Learn OSHA Code. OSHA Fixed Ladder Criteria, CFR 29. When unavoidable obstructions are encountered, the minimum clearance at the obstruction may be reduced to 24 inches (61 cm), provided deflector plates are installed (see Figure D-5 of this section). Ladders equipped with ladder safety devices shall have rest platforms; Capable of supporting a load of 100 pounds per square foot (4.79 kPa); Located at intervals of 150 feet (45.7 m) or less; and. shall not be used. 1917.118(e)(2) A fixed ladder is a vertical ladder mounted permanently to a structure. When a ladder passes through an opening or past overhead obstructions, a minimum 24 inch (.61 m) Fixed ladder rungs and steps on telecommunication towers must be spaced not more than 18 inches (46 cm) apart, measured between the centerlines of the rungs or steps; 1910.23(b)(3) Steps on stepstools are spaced not less than 8 inches (20 cm) apart and not more than 12 inches (30 cm) apart, as measured between the centerlines of the steps; Fixed ladder rungs and steps on telecommunication towers must be spaced not more than 18 inches (46 cm) apart, measured between the centerlines of the rungs or steps; Steps on stepstools are spaced not less than 8 inches (20 cm) apart and not more than 12 inches (30 cm) apart, as measured between the centerlines of the steps; Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats have a minimum clear width of 11.5 inches (29 cm) on portable ladders and 16 inches (41 cm) (measured before installation of ladder safety systems) for fixed ladders, except that: The minimum clear width does not apply to ladders with narrow rungs that are not designed to be stepped on, such as those located on the tapered end of orchard ladders and similar ladders; Rungs and steps of manhole entry ladders that are supported by the manhole opening must have a minimum clear width of 9 inches (23 cm); Rungs and steps on rolling ladders used in telecommunication centers must have a minimum clear width of 8 inches (20 cm); and. the well. The standing area of mobile ladder stands is within the base frame. Fixed ladders provide stability when ascending to an elevated work surface because they are fastened to the building or a secure surface. General Requirements These rules specify when employers must provide stairways and ladders. OSHA Fixed Ladder Requirements OSHA’s Revised Walking Working Standards relate to fixed ladders that have been installed since November 18, 2018. Ladders are so common that it’s easy to forget the risks involved in using them. The minimum distance between the rung center line and the Thank you for visiting our site. through or dislodging the cage or well by falling against it; Extend at least 36 inches (0.91m) above landings; and. Introduction to Basic Fixed Ladder Safety Ladders are tools. The safety cage should have 15 inches of clearance to all points from the center. OSHA Standard 1910.23. OSHA is aligning the fixed ladder standard to be more in line with the ANSI standard A14.3, which in 1979 changed its fall protection height requirement from 20’ to 24’. Fixed ladder and portable ladder rules are mixed together, so it is important to read the standards carefully. The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. Previously, a fixed ladder with a cage required a landing platform at a maximum interval of 30’ feet. For an in-depth review of the OSHA Ladder Requirements for Construction, which includes ladders used in emergency operations and tactical law enforcement operations, click here. 1917.118(e) Protection against falls. Please click the button below to continue. This means that the ladder must be designed so that at any point where a person might be standing, it will successfully support that weight. Because ladders are so familiar to us, they are often overlooked when it comes to your safety. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. strength, in the designed service. OSHA’s new ruling was designed, in part, to create more uniformity between the General Industry and Construction standards. This section applies to all fixed ladders except: Ladders forming an integral part of railway cars, highway carriers, cargo containers or other Note to paragraph (d): Section 1910.28 establishes the employer's duty to provide fall protection for employees on fixed ladders, and § 1910.29 specifies the criteria for fall protection systems for fixed ladders. OSHA 1910 General Industry > D Walking-Working Surfaces > 1910.23 Ladders > 1910.23(d) Fixed Ladders. Understanding these new ladder regulations can be confusing, and you can spend a great deal of time referencing the standard interpretations pages on the OSHA website and still not find the answers you need. SELF-CLOSING SAFETY GATES FOR FIXED LADDERS WITH WALK-THROUGH HANDRAILS Any guardrail system with a personnel opening can be protected to OSHA standard with a Cotterman® Self-Closing Safety Gate. One of the most publicized changes to OSHA’s policies is that ladders that measure 24 feet or higher can no longer use safety cages. Fixed ladders from Grainger help provide stability and safe climbing. Most ladder-related injuries and deaths are falls. OSHA Ladder Safety Rules Choose the Right Ladder Set Up Your Ladder Correctly Climb and Balance Safely Avoid Hazards Communicate Hazards OSHA Ladder Training Requirements. What’s Changed for Fixed Ladder Standards Under OSHA 1910. safety device. The requirements for Fixed Ladders have changed including the phasing out of Ladder Cages and Ladder Wells as acceptable Fall Protection for general industry. Enforcement citations FY 2018: 2,376 Number of inspections: 2,010 Proposed penalties: $5,536,382 Most frequently cited industries Construction Wholesale trade Manufacturing Waste management and remediation Real estate and rental and leasing Retail trade Public administration … a lesser distance, not less than 4½ inches (11.43 cm), necessary. Ladders whose pitch exceeds 90 degrees to the horizontal (slanting backward on the climbing side) The side rails of ladders shall extend at least 36 inches (0.91 m) above the top landing surface, D-2 of this section), with minimum clearances for intermediate pitches varying between these two limits in proportion to the slope, except as provided in subparagraphs (3) and (5) of … TTY 800-321-6742 (OSHA) For CFR 1910’s complete regulatory language, visit OSHA.gov. This change impacts all fixed ladders installed after November 19, 2018. Ladder Maintenance. Be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, which shall be Cages or wells are required on fixed ladders in the United States, under OSHA’s 29 CFR 1917.118(e)(1): “Fixed ladders more than 20 feet (6.1 m) in height shall be provided with a cage, well, or ladder safety device.” A “well” refers to a permanent complete enclosure around a fixed ladder, which is attached to the walls of the well. Fixed ladders more than 20 feet (6.1 m) in height shall be provided with a cage, well, or ladder Most notably, the new standards are phasing out cages on fixed ladders. Ladders whose pitch exceeds 90 degrees to the horizontal (slanting backward on the climbing side) shall not be used. The Preferred Pitch of a Fixed Ladder is between 75 degrees and 90 degrees from the horizontal. power and similar towers, poles and structures, including stacks and chimneys, shall meet the requirements of this paragraph (e). These ladders are primarily used to access roofs or other structures for industrial purposes. Ladders with broken, split or missing rungs, steps or rails, broken welds or connections, corrosion Fixed ladders must be provided with cages, wells, ladder safety devices or self-retracting lifelines where the length of climb is less than 24 feet (7.3 m) but the top of the ladder is at a distance greater than 24 feet (7.3 m) above lower levels. OSHA rules apply to all stairways and ladders used in construction, alteration, repair, painting, decorating and demolition of worksites covered by OSHA’s construction safety and health standards. Long-anticipated rules changes were put in place by OSHA’s Walking-Working Surfaces Standardon January 17, 2017. Ladders installed before October 3, 1983 shall have a width between side rails of at least 10 Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. Removable gates or non-rigid members, such as chains, may be used instead of handrails in specialuse applications; The maximum work-surface height of mobile ladder stands and platforms does not exceed four times the shortest base dimension, without additional support. The employer must ensure: 1910.23(d)(1) Fixed ladders are capable of supporting their maximum intended load; 1910.23(d)(2) The minimum perpendicular distance from the centerline of the steps or rungs, or grab bars, or both, to the nearest permanent object in back … Ladder Safety Systems. For starters, prior to the new ruling, the only real guidance on fixed ladders came from the Construction Standards– OSHA more (1926.1053 (a) (18) required the use of cages, wells, ladder safety devices, or self-retracting lifelines for fixed ladders of 24 feet or more. evenly spaced from 12±2 inches (30.5±5.08 cm) Ladders are an existing part of every structure or building and should be a serious concern for safety conscious employers. When a fixed ladder terminates at a hatch (see Figure D-3 of this section), the hatch cover: Opens with sufficient clearance to provide easy access to or from the ladder; and. unless grab bars or equivalent holds are provided. inches (25.4 cm). Our adjustable Safety Gates meet or exceed OSHA 1910 Subpart D and ANSI A1264.1-2017. Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats have a minimum clear width of 11.5 inches (29 cm) on portable ladders and 16 inches (41 cm) (measured before installation of ladder safety systems) for fixed ladders… JUMP TO FULL CODE CHAPTER. unit shall have a safety factor of four (4), based on ultimate Some customers prefer the added safety of a cage for shorter climbs. If used by more than one employee If you’re in charge of your company’s safety and compliance or oversee the maintenance of your company’s facilities and equipment, then you should be familiar with OSHA 29 CFR 1910.123 Ladder Regulations as they pertain to the general requirements for all ladders, as well as specifics for Portable, Fixed, and Mobile Ladder Stands. fastened to one or both of the ladder's side rails or to another structure. When a fixed ladder, cage, or well, or any portion of a section thereof, is replaced, a personal fall arrest system or ladder safety system must be installed in at least that section of the fixed ladder, cage, or well where the replacement is located; and 1910.28(b)(9)(i)(D) Ladders consisting of individual rungs that are attached to walls, conical This rule change affects all general industries and revises guidelines for fall protection systems and other safety features. (25.4 + or - 5.08 cm); and. "Fixed ladder" means a ladder including individual rung ladders, permanently attached to a Any ladder with structural or other defects is immediately tagged "Dangerous: Do Not Use" or with similar language in accordance with § 1910.145 and removed from service until repaired in accordance with § 1910.22(d), or replaced; Note to paragraph (c)(3): The maximum intended load, as defined in § 1910.21(b), includes the total load (weight and force) of the employee and all tools, equipment, and materials being carried. Steps of mobile ladder stand platforms meet the requirements of paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section. Instead, workers will have to use a ladder safety system or wear a personal fall arrest system. simultaneously, the ladder as a unit shall be capable of simultaneous Where this distance is less than 30 inches (0.76 m), a deflection device shall be Sec. Fixed ladders are so ubiquitous on sites across the UK that many people often don’t even notice they are there until they need to use them. The dates you need to remember are: May 17, 2017: Employees need to be trained on equipment covered by the final ruling, and trained on fall hazards. Fixed ladders shall be provided with cages, wells, ladder safety devices, or self-retracting lifelines where the length of climb is less than 24 feet (7.3 m) but the top of the ladder is at a distance greater than 24 feet (7.3 m) above lower levels. In this article we will be referencing the OSHA fixed ladder rules found here: A rail ladder is a fixed ladder consisting of side rails joined at regular intervals by rungs or cleats and fastened in full length or in sections to a building, structure, or equipment. [62 FR 40141, July 25, 1997; 65 FR 40941, June 30, 2000], Occupational Safety and Health Administration Click Here Learn About KATT® Products. apart, center to center. Climbing ladders can be frightening, even terrifying for some employees. All Section 1 of 1 with 17 Questions. The employer must ensure: 1910.23(d)(1) Fixed ladders are capable of supporting their maximum intended load; 1910.23(d)(2) The minimum perpendicular distance from the centerline of the steps or rungs, or grab bars, or both, to the The OSHA final rule on fixed ladders, issued in 2017 as part of its General Industry Walking-Working Surfaces and Fall Protection Standards, “phases in a requirement for employers to have ladder safety or personal fall arrest systems for fixed ladders that extend more than 24 feet, and phases out the use of cages or wells for fall protection.” A Fixed Ladder is a non-self-supporting ladder that is non-adjustable in length and permanently attached to a structure at a Pitch ranging from 60 degrees to 90 degrees from the horizontal. Protected by guardrails complying with 1917.112(c) of three sides. 1. These do not include ship stairs, step bolts, or manhole steps. OSHA wants to give the industry time to update products and procedures before they go fine crazy. except as specified in paragraph (e)(2)(iv) of this section. The slope of the step stringer to which the steps are attached must not be more than 60 degrees, measured from the horizontal; Mobile ladder stands with a top step height above 10 feet (3 m) have the top step protected on three sides by a handrail with a vertical height of at least 36 inches (91 cm); and top steps that are 20 inches (51 cm) or more, front to back, have a midrail and toeboard. Visual Inspection. Each fixed ladder: At least two loads of 250 pounds (114 kg) each, concentrated between any two consecutive attachments (the number and position of additional concentrated loads of 250 pounds (114 kg) each, determined from anticipated usage of the ladder, shall also be included), plus anticipated loads caused by ice buildup, winds, rigging, and impact loads resulting from the use of ladder safety devices. In the United States, these ladders are covered by OSHA and ANSI standards. No employee carries any object or load that could cause the employee to lose balance and fall while climbing up or down the ladder. Ladder cages have been around for a long time, but that’s about to change. The distance between rungs, cleats, and steps shall not exceed … Vehicle-mounted fixed ladders are not covered by the standard, as explained in a letter of interpretation written by then-OSHA Director of Directorate of Construction Russell B. Swanson in 2001. OSHA defines a fixed ladder as a ladder with rails or individual rungs that is permanently attached to a structure, building or equipment (29 CFR 1910.21). "Fixed ladder" means a ladder including individual rung ladders, permanently attached to a structure, building or piece of equipment. OSHA-approved ladders are designed for concentrated loads. November 19, 2018: All 24 feet tall fixed ladders installed or replaced at this time must have compliant fall protection. OSHA defines a fixed ladder as a ladder with rails or individual rungs that is permanently attached to a structure, building or equipment (29 CFR 1910.21). Designed into or is an integral part of machines or equipment. Ladders installed after (effective date of standard) on radio, microwave communications, electrical While the regulation went into effect on January 17, OSHA is allowing time to get your organization into compliance. Ladders installed after October 3, 1983 shall have rungs These are meant to protect climbers as they ascend. Learn OSHA Code. general industry. These are meant to protect climbers as they ascend. Choose from the following available resources Health and Safety Fact Sheets (OSH Answers) additional employee, applied to a corresponding number of rungs. These … "Well" means a permanent complete enclosure around a fixed ladder, which is attached to the walls of Ensuring fixed ladders over 24 feet, including those on outdoor advertising structures, are equipped with a cage, well, personal fall arrest system, or ladder safety system (2 years),and, Replacing cages and wells (used as fall protection with ladder safety or personal fall arrest systems on all fixed ladders over 24 feet (20 years). OSHA’s ladders standard for construction was the sixth-most-frequently cited agency standard in FY 2018. 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With minimum fuss use for the next 19 years from caged ladders with and without thru! Or replaced at this time must have a width between side rails of least. Required a landing platform at a maximum interval of 30 ’ feet or more, require rest..